Kokand city is situated in the western part of Ferghana valley and it was its capital from 1709 to 1876. Kokand sits at 100 km from Ferghana city, at an altitude of 405 metres above sea level/ its territory is 65 sq.km. The Great Silk Road played major role in development of the city.
Territory of the Kokand Khanate included nearly the whole territory of present Uzbekistan. Kokand Khanate was powerful and mighty state. The were 29 Khans in the history of the Khanate. It was the second religious centre of Central Asia after Bukhara. There were 35 medressas and 100 mosques in the city. The most outstanding ruler in the history of the Kokand Khonate was its last Khan – Hudoyar. In 1845 to 1876 just before the annexation of the Kokand Khanate to Russia, Hudoyar-khan was the ruler of the state and he lost his position four times and won it back.
Many mosques and medressas were built during Hudoyar-khan’s reign.
Hudoyar had 4 wives (and 40 concubines), and those from Bekhara, Khiva and Iran were the most beautiful ones. He had four sons and two daughters. His eldest son Nasriddinbek born in 1850 became the ruler of Andijan.
In the second half of the 19th century the relations between Bukhara, Khiva and the Kokand Khanate became worse and they started fighting for gaining power. So that struggle caused weakness of these states and the Russian Army at the head of General Cherniaev and von Kauffman eastly conquered them. Gradually they seized Turkestan, Chimkent, Tashkent, Djizzak, Uratepa, Khojand and in 1868 according to an agreement the Khan of Kokand became a vassal of the Russian Empire. In 1875 Hudoyar-khan with his wife Farang reached Tashkent under the protection of Russian detachment of 30 Cossacks. Hudoyar handed the seal and other attributes of the Khanate to the General von Kauffman. Later on Hudoyar-khan escaped to Afghanistan with his family and his treasures. Kokand Khanate is known in the history for 170 yars. Ferghana region was founded on the territory of the Kokand Khanate.
At present in some Russian museums you can see jewellery belonging to the Kokand Khanate epoch. For example, Hudoyar’s throne is kept now in Hermitage (St. Petersburg) museum.